11 Table 2.1 Number of horses on agricultural properties Number of horses 1990 Stud Other Total Source: ABS cat. 7113.0. 43 400 217 100 310 400 1997 69 000 165 000 234 000 Breed and other registrations The total number of horses is estimated from the sources indicated in Table 2.2.
These numbers overstate the number of horses in that registered horses often include deceased horses and some horses are multiply registered, but they understate the numbers in that many horses are not registered at all.
Many performance and pleasure horses are thoroughbred and standardbred, often drawn from racing stock.
The numbers used in the modelling are given in Chapter 4.
Trends in horse numbers The reduction in the turnover required to be included in the ABS survey resulted in a rise in the estimate of the number of horses in studs.
However, despite the reduction in the farm turnover in the survey base the number of horses on other properties declined dramatically.
Because of the change in the base, the trend is difficult to establish, however this evidence does suggests that overall the number of horses in Australia is declining fairly rapidly.
Yet membership in horse associations and societies is in general growing.
Some associations such as the Paint Horse Association and Australian Stock Horse Society report very strong growth in recent years.
However, this may reflect an increase in the proportion of horse owners joining organisations rather than horse numbers.
Insurance offered with membership in many of the associations and clubs is one reason that might be attracting a larger proportion of horse owners to join an organisation. 12 Table 2.2 Information on the number of horses in Australia Type Thoroughbred (racing) Estimated numbers 32 039 Source Australian Racing Board (ARB 1999) 1998-99 number of horses racing ARB (1999) 1998 total of stallion, broodmare and two years foal crop Inter-Dominion Harness Racing Council (IDHRC 2001) 1998 number of horses racing IDHRC(2001) 1998 total of stallion, broodmares covered plus estimate of mares not covered and three years foal crop Arabian Horse Society (AHS) 2000 — 24328 purebred mares, 18 492 stallions & geldings, 690 foals registered Arabian Horse Society (AHS) 2000 – 33329 partbred mares, 27454 stallions & geldings, includes deceased (estimated 7 per cent) Australian Stock Horse Society (ASHS) Number registered since 1971, approximately 3000 registrations a year includes deceased (estimated 7 per cent) Australian Quarter Horse Association (AQHA 2001) Number of registered horses- up to 5 per cent could be deceased, some overlap with ASHA registrations – estimated 10 per cent Australian Warmblood Horse Association Australian Appaloosa Association (AAA) 2001 Paint Horse Association of Australia (PHAS) 2001 Shire Horse Association of Australia Percheron Horse Breeders Association Commonwealth Clydesdale Horse Society Irish Draught and Sporthorse Society of Australia Australian Palomino Horse Association Pinto Horse Association National Buckskin Society Australian Whitehorse Association Hackney Horse Society of Australia American Saddlebred Horse Association Fresian Horse Society Australian Peruvian Paso Association Hanoverian (German) Horse of Australia Cleveland Bay Horse Society of Australia Lipizzaner Horse Society Andalusian Horse Association of Australia Australian Pony Stud Book Society (APSB) 2001 Covers 9 major pony breeds — Shetland, Welsh (Mountain, Cross, Cob), Highland, Dartmoor, New Forest, Connemarra, Fjord Horse, Hackney Pony and Horse.
Number registered since 1979 is 35 000 Australian Saddle Pony Association (ASPA) 2001 – (11 to 14.2 hands) expected that only 10 per cent are not registered elsewhere Miniature Horse Association of Australia – open to horses and ponies under 8.2 hands. Thoroughbred (breeding) 68 199 Standardbred (racing) 13 954 Standardbred (breeding) 33 080 Arabian Horses Arabian derivatives 42 101 60 333 Australian Stock Horse 145 000 Australian Quarter Horse 87 000 Warmblood Appaloosa Paint Horse Heavy Horses 10 000 34 000 6000 Estimated average 5000 per breed
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